Going to court can be an intimidating and stressful experience. Proper preparation is key to having a successful day in court, whether you are a plaintiff, defendant, witness, or observer. Here is a guide to help you get ready for your big day.


Do Your Research


Before stepping foot in the courtroom, make sure you understand the basics of the case and court procedures. You’ll want to:

  • Review the facts of the case thoroughly. Understand the timeline of events, the parties involved, the charges or claims, and the evidence.
  • Create a summary or timeline to refer to later.
  • Learn the logistics like the date, time, location and courtroom number. Figure out parking, transportation, and allow plenty of time for security screening.

It’s also important to learn court etiquette ahead of time. You’ll need to address the judge as “Your Honor” and stand when he or she enters or exits. Avoid chewing gum, eating, or using your phone in court. Researching the judge can also help you understand their particular rules and preferences, so you know what to expect. Take some time as well to learn common legal words and phrases, so you can follow along with the proceedings. Doing your homework on all these factors before arriving will help you feel much more confident and prepared.

Organize Your Documents


Make sure to bring any documents related to your case. Copy them beforehand so you have multiple sets. Go through the key documents and flag important pages and sections with sticky notes or highlights for easy reference. Organize all documents chronologically, putting them in a binder or file folder in date order. This makes it easy to quickly find what you need. Bring extra clean copies that you can refer to or distribute in court, since courts need originals for evidence. For medical or financial records, provide summaries that highlight the most relevant information. Having well-organized files shows you are a professional and credible source of information.

If you will be involving a medical expert witness, make sure they also have copies of relevant medical records and summaries.

Practice Your Testimony

If you will be a witness providing testimony, practice your answers thoroughly ahead of time. You’ll want to:

  • Confer with the lawyers or review your deposition transcript to anticipate questions you’ll be asked.
  • Prepare clear, concise responses using everyday language a jury can understand.
  • Do practice Q&A sessions with your lawyer or a friend in the role of questioner. This feature will efficiently summarize information through vocalization.
  • Work on your delivery so you speak slowly, confidently and avoid filler words.
  • Prepare for cross-examination by anticipating tough questions the other side may ask.

Practicing responding calmly and credibly is key. Polishing your testimony style will help you become an effective witness.

Take Care of Yourself

Take Care of Yourself

The courtroom environment can cause a lot of tension and stress on your mind and body. Be sure to:

  • Get enough rest and arrive well-rested.
  • Eat healthy foods to fuel your brain.
  • Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water leading up to court.
  • Do relaxing activities like yoga or meditation to manage anxiety.

Caring for your physical and mental health will help you be at your best.

Proper preparation is key to having a positive court experience. Do your research, get organized, dress professionally, practice testifying, and take care of yourself. Following these tips will help you successfully get through your day in court. Let me know if you have any other questions!